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The four main types of printmaking are as follows: Relief Printing: This type of printing is printing done from a raised surface such as a rubber stamp onto a surface. Intaglio: This type of printing is made by cutting the picture into the surface of the printing plate. You use a special instrument to do this type of printing. Planography: This type of printing is often referred to as lithography and is done as the printing of a flat surface. Essentially you paint from a flat stone by a special method. Stencil or Serigraphy: This last type of printmaking is using a plastic or metal piece that is cut into shapes or designs. The ink goes through the design onto the surface you are stenciling or printing on.